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1. Malt Whiskey

Malt Whiskey positions among the best whiskeys and is produced in Scotland. It manufactured using malted grain and is refined in pot stills.

2. Laphroaig malting floor

The whisky is refined twice on pot stills followed by storing it in wooden barrels (as often as possible used ones) for not less than three years.

3. Grain Whiskey

Grain whiskey is any whiskey that is made, even in part, using grains other than malted barley, essentially in Scotland and Ireland. Today, grain whiskeys mostly contain wheat in the place of corn, which was used earlier due to price considerations.

4. Blended Whiskey

Blended Whiskey can contain any mix of different whiskeys (malt, grain). It is usually made by mixing one or more good quality whiskeys with cheaper variants.

Malt Whisky may only be made from malted barley and has to be distilled in pot stills.

Grain whiskey is whiskey that is not made from malted barley and can contain any grain, also a mixture.

Blended Whisky can contain any mixture of different whiskeys (malt, grain).

Single Pot Still Whiskey may contain grain, also unmalted barley, but it is exclusively distilled in pot stills.

Bourbon must contain at least 51% corn. The rest is a mixture of some barley for the fermentation process, as well as rye and/or wheat.

Tennessee Whiskey differs from bourbon in that it is additionally charcoal-filtered before it is filled into casks.

Rye Whiskey contains at least 51% rye and must also be matured in oak casks for at least two years.

Corn whiskey must be produced from 100% corn.

The difference in whiskeys can be attributed to the variation in ingredients - corn, rye, barley, wheat,etc., and also a variation in the production process. Basically, made of either a blend, or a barrel, or a blend of barrels, whiskey has a lot of different tastes to offer. Single Malt, Blended Malt, Single Grain, Scotch Whiskey, Irish Whiskey, American, Bourbon, Corn, Malt are a few kinds of famous whiskeys we have, which people are mostly unaware of!

Few famous brands in India are IB, RC, RS, Officers Choice, Signature, JD & many more, all having a different smoothness factor and taste.

The main difference between scotch and whiskey is not only geographic but also that of the ingredients. Like scotch is whiskey made in Scotland, while bourbon is whiskey made in the U.S.A. Whiskey mostly made from malted barley, while bourbon is distilled from corn. The difference between Tennessee whiskey and bourbon is that after the spirit is distilled, Tennessee whiskey is filtered through sugar-maple charcoal. We also have Rye, which can refer either to American rye whiskey, which must be distilled from at least 51% rye. There are many local whiskeys too. Obviously, there are tons of other, smaller differences depending on location and recipe.

 There are many types of whiskeys around the world. They are different and vary because of the various conditions. The place of origin, the age, the ingredients, the techniques, the grains, the type of barrels, the handling, the maturing, the climate, the packaging, everything has an impact.

 Malt whisky is made mainly in Scotland from malted barley and is distilled in pot stills.

 Grain whisky is made from any other grains apart from barley in Scotland and Ireland. It is mainly produced for the blended whisky industry and is distilled in the column stills. And it is matured for a short span of time.

 Blended whisky is a mixture of any blend of grain and malt whisky. The higher the percentage of malt in it, the better it is. They come mostly from Scotland or Ireland.

 Single pot still whisky comes from Ireland and grain and also unmalted barley. They are distilled in pot stills only.

 Bourbon whisky comes from any part of the US (mostly Kentucky) while Tennessee Whisky comes from Tennessee only. Bourbon contains 51% corn while the rest is barley, rye or wheat.

 Tennessee whisky is additionally charcoal filtered before it is filled in the casks.

 Rye whisky is produced from 51% rye. It is produced mainly in the US and Canada and matured in oak barrels for at least 2 years.

 Corn whisky is produced in the US and contains 100% corn. They are produced mainly for the Blended whiskeys though.

That’s all..drink your whisky and enjoy the ambience!

Whisky is any booze distilled from fermented grain mash. The only exception to this being some whisky made from corn, which doesn’t always have to be aged.

All whisky must be distilled at a minimum of 40% and a maximum of 94.8% alcohol by volume (ABV). The difference between the various whiskies relies mostly on the type of grain used for the mash.

To qualify as a scotch the spirit must be made from malted Barley, with many scotches using nothing more than barley, water, and yeast. The spirit must also be aged in oak casks for no less than three years, and must have an ABV at less than 94.8%. Finally, you cannot call your drink Scotch unless it was made 100% in Scotland, from Scotland.

Bourbon whisky must be made from a grain mixture which is at least 51% corn. The fermentation process for this mixture is often started by mixing in some mash from an older already fermenting batch, a process known as sour mash. Bourbon can only be labeled as Bourbon if it was made in the United States. The spirit must be distilled to no more than 80% alcohol (160 proof) and be no more than 62.5% when put into casks for aging in new charred oak barrels.

Tennessee Whiskey is straight bourbon made in the state of Tennessee. The people who produce this spirit, such as Jack Daniels, don’t want their whiskey labeled as Bourbon, claiming that they are the only type of whiskey which puts the spirit through a charcoal filtering process.

Irish whisky is pretty much any whiskey aged in the Republic of Ireland or in Northern Ireland. Like Scotch it must be distilled to an ABV of less than 94.8. It must be made from yeast-fermented grain mash in such a way that the distillate has an aroma and flavor derived from the materials used. Finally, the whisky must be aged for at least three years in wooden casks.

As per Wikipedia, Whisky or whiskey is a type of distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain mash. Various grains (which may be malted) are used for different varieties, including barley, corn (maize), rye, and wheat. Whisky is typically aged in wooden casks, generally made of charred white oak.

The typical unifying characteristics of the different classes and types are the fermentation of grains, distillation, and aging in wooden barrels.

And this is what makes different whiskies stand out from others. There are many types of whiskies and whiskeys like Scotch, Irish, Single Malt, blends of Bourbon and rye. You also have what you call a Blended Whisky, which contains mixture of different whiskies (malt, grain), or whiskies from different distilleries, etc.

Whiskies taste different primarily because of geographically different practices and the ingredients for whiskey fermentation.

Single Malt Scotch whisky and Irish Whiskey taste different even as they are neighbours. Similarly, in the USA, Tennessee whiskey and Bourbon whiskey taste different, and then Canadian Whisky is different altogether.

Bourbon comes from the ferment of a mixture of grains from which the product is distilled, and it must be, at least, 51% corn, rye, wheat or malted barley. The distill from the ferment has to be aged in charred oak casks or barrels without additives. A bourbon taste sweeter compared to other whiskies and gets a smoky taste from the charred oak.

Tennessee whiskey, on the other hand, uses the Lincoln County process where the distill is passed through maple layered charred oak giving it its characteristic taste.

Scotch is whisky that has been distilled and matured in Scotland. It is made mostly from malted barley. Now scotch can taste a lot like bourbon but has its own typical "bite" dragging along the back of your tasting.

Canadian whisky is legally and interchangeable term with "rye whisky" in Canada. Canadian whisky when compared to other whiskies is typically lighter and smoother and uses corn as its 51% grain ingredient with an addition of rye for the sting.

Irish whiskey goes through three rounds of distillation, unlike Scotch which goes through two before it's bottled. Irish whisky does not have that smoky taste because the aging is done in uncharred casks.

Whisky and whiskey are two different types of this liquor category and not just because of the spelling. Those from the US and Ireland use ‘Whiskey, ’ and the Scots and Canadians spell it whisky. The difference in the spelling came in because US and Irish distillers wanted to distinguish themselves from Scotch whisky.

 

What really makes different whiskies different are a couple of things - mainly geographical differences, the grain or the mash used and the type of cask used for aging. In fact, it is casking/aging that gives whisky its taste and colour. The casks or barrels are made of oak wood and could be used new or used or charred and uncharred imparting different flavours for each type.

I’ll do a classification of whiskies based on their region of origin here.

 

The number of main regions where majority of whisky is distilled is between 5 and 7. But the most popular 5 regional whiskeys would be-

 

Scotch whisky

 

It is not scotch until its made in Scotland! It tastes smoky as it is made from barley dried over peat fire.

 

Brands: Glenlivit, Tallisker, Oban, Macallan.

 

Irish whiskey

It is made from malted barely that is dried in closed ovens, and is never exposed to smoke. It is distilled thrice (triple-distilled) using pure-malted barley as the grain.

Brands: Bushmill's, Michael Collins, and Power's.

Kentucky or more popularly called Bourbon

This is made of mostly corn, which means it tastes sweeter than other whiskeys. Famous brands include Maker's Mark and Wild Turkey.

Canadian Whisky

 

This the one you see Don Draper always drinking in Mad Men. It uses malted rye as grain, giving it the popular name, rye whisky.

 

Brand: Seagram's and Sons

 

Tennesse Whiskey

Another American whisky that is quite popular all over the world. Popular brand include Jack Daniels and George Dickel.

Malt Whisky

Malt Whisky ranks among the best whiskies and is predominantly produced in Scotland. It is made from malted barley and has to be distilled in pot stills.

Grain Whisky

Grain whisky can contain any type of grain, also a mixture. Today, grain whiskies mostly contain wheat, since it offers a higher utilization level than corn, which was used in earlier times for cost reasons. Grain whisky can be distilled higher than malt whisky in column stills, but it contains less flavors.

 

Blended Whisky

Blended Whisky can contain any mixture of different whiskies (malt, grain). These whiskies differ in type, but especially in their origin, i.e. the distillery they come from. The character of a blended whisky is determined by the ratio of whiskies from different distilleries, since each distillery produces different flavors. For the well-known brands the ratio is always the same, so the taste doesn't change. In order to be able to produce these large amounts of blended whisky, there are malt whisky distilleries that produce exclusively for the blended whisky industry and don't bottle any single malt.